Temes_County

By Wikipedia
Temes County
Temes vármegye
Komitat Temes
Comitatul Timiș
Tamiška županija
County of the Kingdom of Hungary, Austria-Hungary
11th century–16th century
18th century-1918

Coat of arms of Temes

Coat of arms

Location of Temes
Capital Temesvár (Romanian: Timișoara)
45°45′N 21°14′E / 45.750°N 21.233°E / 45.750; 21.233Coordinates: 45°45′N 21°14′E / 45.750°N 21.233°E / 45.750; 21.233
History
 -  Established 11th century
 -  dissolution of Austria-Hungary November 1918
Area
 -  1910 7,433 km2 (2,870 sq mi)
Population
 -  1910 500,835 
Density 67.4 /km2  (174.5 /sq mi)
Today part of  Romania
 Serbia
Timișoara is the current name of the capital.

Temes (Hungarian: Temes, Romanian: Timiș, Serbian: Tamiš or Тамиш, German: Temes or Temesch) was an administrative county (comitatus) of the Kingdom of Hungary, Austria-Hungary. Its territory is now in southwestern Romania and northern Serbia (eastern Vojvodina). The capital of the county was Timișoara (Hungarian: Temesvár, Serbian: Temišvar or Темишвар, German: Temeswar or Temeschwar).

Geography[edit]

Temes county was located in the Banat region. It shared borders with the Kingdom of Serbia and the Hungarian counties of Torontál, Arad and Krassó-Szörény. The river Danube formed its southern border, and the river Mureș (Hungarian: Maros, Serbian: Moriš) its northern border. The river Timiș flowed through the county. Its area in 1910 was 7,433 km².

History[edit]

Temes County was formed in the 11th century. The area was taken by the Ottoman Empire in the 16th century and the county was abolished. This territory was then included into the Ottoman Province of Temeşvar. After the Banat was captured by the Habsburgs in 1718, the area was included into the Banat of Temeswar, a separate Habsburg province. This province was abolished in 1778, and the county of Temes was restored. It was incorporated into Habsburg Kingdom of Hungary.

Between 1849 and 1860, the area of the county was part of Voivodeship of Serbia and Banat of Temeschwar, a separate Austrian crown land. During this time, the county did not existed since voivodeship was divided into districts. Temes County was re-established in the 1860s, when the area was again incorporated into the Habsburg Kingdom of Hungary.

In 1918, the county first became part of the newly formed Banat Republic, and then was divided between Romania and the also newly formed Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes, which was confirmed at the Paris Peace Conference. A majority of the county was assigned to Romania, while the south-western third was assigned to the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes (renamed to Yugoslavia in 1929).

The Yugoslav part of the pre-1918 Temes County (the southern Banat region) is part of the Serbian autonomous region of Vojvodina. The Romanian part is now part of Timiș County, except a 10 km wide strip along the Mureș River, which is in the Romanian Arad County.

Demographics[edit]

1900[edit]

In 1900, the county had a population of 476,242 people and was composed of the following linguistic communities:[1]

Total:

According to the census of 1900, the county was composed of the following religious communities:[2]

Total:

1910[edit]

In 1910, the county had a population of 500,835 people and was composed of the following linguistic communities:[3]

Total:

According to the census of 1910, the county was composed of the following religious communities:[4]

Total:

Subdivisions[edit]

Detailed map of the county

In the early 20th century, the subdivisions of Temes county were:

Districts (járás)
District Capital
Buziasfürdő Buziasfürdő (Romanian: Buziaş)
Csák Csák (Romanian: Ciacova)
Detta Detta (Romanian: Deta)
Fehértemplom Fehértemplom (Serbian: Bela Crkva)
Kevevára Kevevára (Serbian: Kovin)
Központ Temesvár (Romanian: Timişoara)
Lippa Lippa (Romanian: Lipova)
Temesrékas Temesrékas (Romanian: Recaș)
Újarad Újarad (Romanian: Aradu Nou)
Versec Versec (Serbian: Vršac)
Vinga Vinga (Romanian: Vinga)
Urban counties (törvényhatósági jogú város)
Temesvár (Romanian: Timişoara)
Versec (Serbian: Vršac)
Urban districts (rendezett tanácsú város)
Fehértemplom (Serbian: Bela Crkva)

The towns of Vršac, Bela Crkva, and Kovin are now in Serbia; the other towns mentioned are now in Romania.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "KlimoTheca :: Könyvtár". Kt.lib.pte.hu. Retrieved 2012-06-26. 
  2. ^ "KlimoTheca :: Könyvtár". Kt.lib.pte.hu. Retrieved 2012-06-26. 
  3. ^ "KlimoTheca :: Könyvtár". Kt.lib.pte.hu. Retrieved 2012-06-26. 
  4. ^ "KlimoTheca :: Könyvtár". Kt.lib.pte.hu. Retrieved 2012-06-26. 
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