Speyer

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Speyer
Speyer: Maximilianstraße with cathedral in the background
Speyer: Maximilianstraße with cathedral in the background
Coat of arms of Speyer
Coat of arms
Speyer   is located in Germany
Speyer
Speyer
Coordinates: 49°19′10″N 8°25′52″E / 49.31944°N 8.43111°E / 49.31944; 8.43111Coordinates: 49°19′10″N 8°25′52″E / 49.31944°N 8.43111°E / 49.31944; 8.43111
Country Germany
State Rhineland-Palatinate
District Urban district
Subdivisions 4 Stadtteile
Government
 • Lord Mayor Hansjörg Eger (CDU)
Area
 • Total 42.58 km2 (16.44 sq mi)
Elevation 92 m (302 ft)
Population (2012-12-31)[1]
 • Total 49,764
 • Density 1,200/km2 (3,000/sq mi)
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes 67346
Dialling codes 06232
Vehicle registration SP
Website www.speyer.de
Imperial Town of Speyer
Reichsstadt Speyer
Free Imperial City of the Holy Roman Empire
Bishopric of Speyer
1294–1792
Capital Speyer
Government Republic
Historical era Middle Ages
 -  Founded ca 10 BC
 -  Gained Reichsfreiheit 1294
 -  Speyer Diet confirms
    Edict of Worms
 
19 April 1529
 -  Protestation at Speyer 20 April 1529
 -  Town razed by France 1688
 -  Annexed by France 1792
 -  Annexed to Bavaria 1816 1792
 -  Rhenish Palatinate
    merged into
    Rheinland-Pfalz
 
 
10 August 1946

Speyer (formerly known as Spires in English) is a town in Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany, with approximately 50,000 inhabitants. Located beside the river Rhine, Speyer is 25 km south of Ludwigshafen and Mannheim. Founded by the Romans, it is one of Germany's oldest cities. The first known names were Noviomagus and Civitas Nemetum, after the Teutonic tribe, Nemetes, settled in the area. Around the year 500 the name Spira first appeared in written documents. Spire, Spira, and Espira are still names used for Speyer in the French, Italian, and Spanish languages.

Speyer is dominated by the Speyer Cathedral, a number of churches and the Altpörtel (old gate). In the cathedral, beneath the high altar, are the tombs of eight Holy Roman emperors and German kings.

History[edit]

Main article: History of Speyer
Main street in Speyer with the Speyer Cathedral in the background

Timeline[edit]

  • In 10 BC, the first Roman military camp is established (situated between the town hall and the episcopal palace).
  • In 150, the town appears as Noviomagus on the world map of the Greek Ptolemaios
  • In 346, a bishop for the town is mentioned for the first time.
  • In 1030, emperor Conrad II starts the construction of Speyer Cathedral, today one of the UNESCO World Heritage Sites.
  • In 1076, emperor Henry IV embarks from Speyer, his favourite town, for Canossa.
  • In 1084, establishment of the first Jewish community in Speyer
  • In 1294, the bishop lost most of his previous rights, and from now on Speyer is a Free Imperial Town of the Holy Roman Empire.
  • In 1349, the Jewish community of Speyer is totally wiped out
  • Between 1527 and 1689, Speyer is the seat of the Imperial Chamber Court.
  • In 1526, at the Diet of Speyer (1526), interim toleration of Lutheran teaching and worship is decreed.
  • In 1529, at the Diet of Speyer (1529), the Lutheran states of the empire protested against the anti-Reformation resolutions (19 April 1529 Protestation at Speyer, hence the term Protestantism.)
  • In 1635, Marshall of France Urbain de Maillé-Bréze conquered Heidelberg also Speyer, together with Jacques-Nompar de Caumont, duc de la Force, at the head of the Army of Germany.
  • In 1689, the town was heavily damaged by French troops.
  • Between 1792 and 1814, Speyer was under French jurisdiction.
  • In 1816, Speyer became the seat of administration of the Palatinate and of the government of the Rhine District of Bavaria (later called the Bavarian Palatinate), and remained so until the end of World War II.
  • Between 1883 and 1904, the Memorial Church is built in remembrance of the Protestation of 1529.
  • In 1947, the State Academy of Administrative Science was founded (later renamed German University of Administrative Sciences Speyer).
  • In 1990, Speyer celebrated its 2000th anniversary.

Main sights[edit]

Twin towns – sister cities[edit]

Speyer is twinned with:

Notable natives[edit]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "Bevölkerung der Gemeinden am 31.12.2012". Statistisches Bundesamt (in German). 2013. 
  2. ^ "International collaboration". gmiezno.eu. Gniezno. Retrieved 3 May 2014. 
  3. ^ "Radviliskis". Radviliskis. Retrieved 3 May 2014. 

External links[edit]

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