|Sant Joan Despí|
|• Total||5.63 km2 (2.17 sq mi)|
|Elevation||10 m (30 ft)|
|• Density||5,600/km2 (14,000/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET (UTC+1)|
|• Summer (DST)||CEST (UTC+2)|
Sant Joan Despí (Catalan pronunciation: [ˈsaɲ ʒuˈan dəsˈpi]) (Old Catalan for Saint John of the Pine) is a city and municipality located in the Baix Llobregat area (Barcelona province in Catalonia, Spain). It is situated on the left bank of the Llobregat river. Es is a dialectal form of the masculine article el, hence Despí would be rendered Del pi in standard Catalan.
(in order of length)
- Cornellà de Llobregat (SSE)
- Sant Just Desvern (NNE)
- Sant Boi de Llobregat (SW)
- Santa Coloma de Cervelló (NW)
- Sant Feliu de Llobregat (NNW)
- Esplugues de Llobregat (NEE)
Currently, Sant Joan Despí has 31 438 inhabitants divided into 5 very disaggregated districts. It also has an industrial quarter.
Barri Centre (Catalan for center quarter) is the original urban core of the town, formerly called Nucli antic (old core). The district is bounded by the railway, B-23 motorway, Cornellà de Llobregat and by the new Eixample district towards the Llobregat River. It is plenty of modernist buildings, many of them designed by Josep Maria Jujol who was the official town council architect since 1926. It also contains the oldest buildings of the town including Esglèsia de Sant Joan Batista (Saint John the Baptist Church) and a small Romanic chapel. In the 1960s, this quarter was still a small set of cottages, where accommodated people from Barcelona spent their holidays, and small houses, but since then, the urbanism has changed a lot substituting most of the houses by tall buildings and changing the green spaces by concrete parks. Nowadays you can still find some of the old small houses, and most of the singular ones but surrounded in an urban space.
Les Planes (Catalan for the plains) is a district which appeared during the 1960s and the 1970s to house the incoming immigration from other Spanish regions specially Extremadura and Andalusia. Les Planes is separated from the center quarter by the Polígon Fontsanta industrial quarter and from the TV3 quarter by the Parc Fontsanta park and indeed, it is urbanistically continuous just towards the Padrò quarter of Cornellà de Llobregat.
This quarter is characterized by relatively tall buildings and narrow streets. Democratic councils have alleviated that by turning many of those streets into pedestrian streets.
Pla del Vent/Torreblanca
This district is placed at the other side of the B-23 motorway and to east of the railway. It is closer to Sant Feliu de Llobregat and Sant Just Desvern. This district has two names because is the union of two older quarters. Pla del Vent (Catalan for Wind Plane) was a set of small houses along a road communicating Sant Joan towards Sant Just Desvern. Torreblanca (Catalan for White Tower) was a new urbanization built during the last half of the 1980s besides the monumental Torreblanca Park which gave the name to the quarter. Later urbanizations joined both squares into a single district.
Residential Sant Joan (TV3)
This district was urbanized at the mid 1980s after the building of the main studios of the Catalan autonomic television, TV3, which is the reason why the quarter is popularly known as the 'TV3' quarter. It is a wealthy quarter surrounded by the large green zone called Fontsanta park which connects it with the Polígon Fontsanta and Les Planes.
Polígon Fontsanta is an industrial district which is in the geographic center of Sant Joan Despí. For many years, such polygon was the attracting factor for new population to the town, which explains why new quarters were built around it instead of around the old town. Important brands had their factories in the square including Gallina Blanca, San Miguel, Trinaranjus...
The town is communicated with Barcelona downtown through several public transport:
- Rodalies de Catalunya: R1, R4
- Trambaix: T1, T2, T3
- Panareda Clopés, Josep Maria; Rios Calvet, Jaume; Rabella Vives, Josep Maria (1989). Guia de Catalunya, Barcelona:Caixa de Catalunya. ISBN 84-87135-01-3 (Spanish). ISBN 84-87135-02-1 (Catalan).