Krems_an_der_Donau

By Wikipedia
This article is about the city. For the river, see Krems (Lower Austria).
Krems
Independent city
View of Krems from the Kreuzberg mountain
View of Krems from the Kreuzberg mountain
Coat of arms of Krems
Coat of arms
Krems is located in Austria
Krems
Krems
Location of Krems in Austria
Coordinates: 48°25′N 15°37′E / 48.417°N 15.617°E / 48.417; 15.617
Country Austria Austria
State Lower Austria
District Independent city
Town rights 1305
Government
 • Mayor Reinhard Resch (SPÖ)
 • Vice-Mayor Wolfgang Derler (ÖVP)
Area
 • Independent city 51.61 km2 (19.93 sq mi)
Elevation 203 m (666 ft)
Population (2012)
 • Independent city 24,110[1]Increase
 • Density 467/km2 (1,210/sq mi)
 • Urban c. 50,000
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 3500
Area code 02732
License plate KS
Website www.krems.at

Krems is a town of 23947 inhabitants in Austria, in the federal state of Lower Austria. It is the fifth-largest city of Lower Austria and is approximately 70 kilometres (43 miles) west of Vienna. Krems is a city with its own statute (or Statutarstadt), and therefore it is both a municipality and a district.

Geography[edit]

Krems is located at the confluence of the Krems and Danube Rivers at the eastern end of Wachau valley, in the southern Waldviertel.

Krems borders the following municipalities: Stratzing, Langenlois, Rohrendorf bei Krems, Gedersdorf, Traismauer, Nußdorf ob der Traisen, Paudorf, Furth bei Göttweig, Mautern an der Donau, Dürnstein, and Senftenberg.

History[edit]

View of Krems in 1679
View of Krems in 1900

Krems was first mentioned in 995 in a certificate of Otto III,[2] but settlement was apparent even before then. For example a child's grave, over 27,000 years old, was found here. This is the oldest grave found in Austria.

During the 11th and 12th centuries, Chremis, as it was then called, was almost as large as Vienna.

Krems is the primary producer of Marillenschnaps, an apricot brandy.

Krems is the hometown of Martin Johann Schmidt, called "Kremserschmidt", the leading painter, draughtsman and etcher of the Austrian late Baroque.

City division[edit]

  • Innenstadt (Inner City)
  • Weinzierl
  • Mitterau
  • Stein
  • Egelsee
  • Rehberg
  • Am Steindl
  • Gneixendorf
  • Lerchenfeld
  • Krems-Süd (South Krems)

Population development[edit]

The population (with principal residence status) in the agglomeration was about 50,000 at the end of 2010.

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Krems
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 16.8
(62.2)
21.1
(70)
24.9
(76.8)
27.8
(82)
31.6
(88.9)
36.8
(98.2)
36.0
(96.8)
36.5
(97.7)
33.5
(92.3)
27.2
(81)
23.5
(74.3)
16.1
(61)
36.8
(98.2)
Average high °C (°F) 3.1
(37.6)
5.1
(41.2)
10.2
(50.4)
15.3
(59.5)
20.6
(69.1)
23.3
(73.9)
25.8
(78.4)
25.5
(77.9)
20.4
(68.7)
14.5
(58.1)
7.5
(45.5)
3.7
(38.7)
14.6
(58.3)
Daily mean °C (°F) −0.6
(30.9)
0.8
(33.4)
4.9
(40.8)
9.3
(48.7)
14.6
(58.3)
17.6
(63.7)
19.5
(67.1)
18.9
(66)
14.3
(57.7)
8.9
(48)
3.7
(38.7)
0.7
(33.3)
9.4
(48.9)
Average low °C (°F) −3.2
(26.2)
−2.5
(27.5)
0.8
(33.4)
4.5
(40.1)
9.0
(48.2)
12.0
(53.6)
13.8
(56.8)
13.4
(56.1)
9.7
(49.5)
4.9
(40.8)
0.8
(33.4)
−2.1
(28.2)
5.1
(41.2)
Record low °C (°F) −22.8
(−9)
−20.0
(−4)
−18.1
(−0.6)
−4.7
(23.5)
−0.2
(31.6)
1.3
(34.3)
5.7
(42.3)
4.8
(40.6)
0.6
(33.1)
−7.9
(17.8)
−16.3
(2.7)
−22.7
(−8.9)
−22.8
(−9)
Precipitation mm (inches) 17.3
(0.681)
21.0
(0.827)
27.4
(1.079)
37.5
(1.476)
58.2
(2.291)
80.2
(3.157)
79.8
(3.142)
62.0
(2.441)
45.5
(1.791)
28.3
(1.114)
33.6
(1.323)
24.9
(0.98)
515.7
(20.302)
Snowfall cm (inches) 8.3
(3.27)
7.5
(2.95)
6.2
(2.44)
0.2
(0.08)
0.0
(0)
0.0
(0)
0.0
(0)
0.0
(0)
0.0
(0)
0.0
(0)
4.2
(1.65)
6.8
(2.68)
33.2
(13.07)
Avg. precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm) 5.0 5.1 5.8 6.5 9.0 9.9 9.6 8.4 6.9 5.0 7.2 6.0 84.4
Avg. snowy days (≥ 1.0 cm) 10.1 6.9 2.6 0.2 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 1.8 6.2 27.8
Mean monthly sunshine hours 55.3 88.8 127.4 171.5 219.6 214.2 238.5 234.9 157.3 120.9 53.9 41.9 1,724.2
Source: Central Institute for Meteorology and Geodynamics[3]

Main sights[edit]

Old Town of Krems
The Steiner Tor in Krems
Piarist Church
Dreifaltigkeitssäule

Old town[edit]

  • Rathaus
  • Pfarrkirche St. Veit
  • Bürgerspitalkirche
  • Göglhaus
  • Gozzoburg
  • Piaristenkirche
  • Pulverturm
  • Dominikanerkirche
  • Großes Sgraffitohaus
  • Simandlbrunnen
  • Dreifaltigkeitssäule
  • Steiner Tor: The gate, erected in 1480, is the second remaining medieval gate.

Outside the Old Town[edit]

  • Kremser Tor
  • Minoritenkirche
  • Salzstadl
  • Pfarrkirche Hl. Nikolaus
  • Frauenbergkirche
  • Göttweigerhofkapelle
  • Großer Passauerhof
  • Mauthaus
  • Linzer Tor
  • Kloster Und
  • Kunsthalle Krems
  • Karikaturmuseum Krems
  • University Krems

Transport[edit]

Krems Central Station
Motorway to Vienna with harbour in background

The city's main railway station is a junction of the Franz-Josefs Railway to Vienna, the Kremser Railway to St. Pölten, the Donauufer Railway to Spitz and the regional railway to Horn. It is at the intersection of the Stockerauer Speedway S5 and the Kremser Speedway S33, and is traversed by the Danube Road B3, the Retzer Road B35, the Kremser Road B37 and the Langenloiser Road B218. Krems is a junction of the Wieselbus bus lines, which provides radial connections between Sankt Pölten and the different regions of Lower Austria.

Main Roads

  • Stockerauer Schnellstraße (S5) from Krems to Vienna
  • Kremser Schnellstraße (S33) from Krems to St. Pölten
  • Donau Straße (B3) from Krems to Linz
  • Aggsteiner Straße (B33) from Krems to Melk
  • Retzer Straße (B35) from Krems to Retz
  • Kremser Straße (B37) from Krems to Rastenfeld
  • Langenloiser Straße (B218) from Krems to Langenlois

Railroad

Air traffic

  • Krems Airport

In the city[edit]

A network of four bus lines operates at regular intervals within the city. Every summer, a tourist train connects the ancient parts of the city with museums, the central railway station and the passenger ship terminal of Krems.

Politics[edit]

Municipal council[edit]

The municipal council consists of 40 members and since the municipal elections in 2012 it consists of the following parties:

Municipal elections in Krems were held in October 2012.

City's senate[edit]

The city's senate consists of 11 members:

  • SPÖ: 5 members
  • ÖVP: 4 members
  • FPÖ: 1 members

Public facilities[edit]

Educational facilities[edit]

Bundesrealgymnasium Krems Ringstraße
Danube University Krems
  • Bundesgymnasium Rechte Kremszeile
  • Bundesgymnasium Piaristen
  • Bundesrealgymnasium Krems Ringstraße
  • Oberstufenrealgymnasium Englische Fräulein
  • Bundesreal- and Bundesoberstufenrealgymnasium (BORG) Krems Heinemannstraße
  • HTBL Krems
  • HLF Krems
  • HLA/HLW Krems
  • BHAK/BHAS Krems

Leisure and sports sites[edit]

Swimming is available at Kremser Strandbad (indoor swimming pool) and outdoor.

People[edit]

Wilhelm Miklas, 3rd President of Austria

Twin towns[edit]

Krems is twinned with the following cities:

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.krems.gv.at/
  2. ^ Wasserwerk.at
  3. ^ "Klimadaten von Österreich 1971-2000 -Krems" (in German). Central Institute for Meteorology and Geodynamics. Retrieved 2012-09-06. 

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