|Locale||Tokyo, Saitama, Kanagawa prefectures|
|Rolling stock||E233-1000 series|
|Line length||59.1 km (36.7 mi)|
|Track gauge||1,067 mm (3 ft 6 in)|
|Electrification||1,500 V DC overhead catenary|
|Operating speed||90 km/h (55 mph)|
The Keihin-Tōhoku Line (京浜東北線 Keihin-tōhoku-sen?), is a railway line in Japan which connects the cities of Saitama, Kawaguchi, Tokyo, Kawasaki, and Yokohama. It is part of the East Japan Railway Company (JR East) network. The line's name is derived from the characters for Tokyo (東京?), Yokohama (横浜?) and the Tōhoku Main Line (東北本線?). The Keihin-Tōhoku Line officially follows portions of the Tōhoku Main Line and Tōkaidō Main Line. Between Ueno and Akabane stations the Keihin-Tohoku and Tohoku Main lines are physically separate and thus alternate routes.
All Keihin-Tōhoku Line trains have through service onto the Negishi Line between Yokohama and Ōfuna stations. As a result, the entire service between Ōmiya and Ōfuna is typically referred to as the Keihin-Tōhoku—Negishi Line (京浜東北線・根岸線?) on system maps and in-train station guides. Keihin-Tōhoku Line—Negishi Line trains are recognizable by their light blue stripe (the line's color on maps is also light blue).
Trains run every 2–3 minutes at peak hours, every 5 minutes during the daytime, and less frequently the rest of the time. In most instances, these trains are classified as "Local" (各駅停車 Kakueki-Teisha?), stopping at all stations en route. However, during the daytime, trains are classified as "Rapid" (快速 kaisoku?). These rapid trains skip some stations in central Tokyo, where it runs parallel to the Yamanote Line.
- Local trains stop at all stations. Rapid trains stop at stations marked "●" and "■". (Stations marked "■" allow cross-platform transfers to the Yamanote Line.)
|Line name||Station||Japanese||Distance (km)||Rapid||Transfers||Location|
|Tōhoku Main Line||Ōmiya||大宮||-||0.0||30.3||●||Tōhoku Shinkansen, Yamagata Shinkansen, Akita Shinkansen, Jōetsu Shinkansen, Nagano Shinkansen, Tōhoku Main Line (Utsunomiya Line), Takasaki Line, Shōnan-Shinjuku Line, Saikyō Line, Kawagoe Line
Tōbu Noda Line
Ina Line (New Shuttle)
|Saitama-Shintoshin||さいたま新都心||1.6||1.6||28.7||●||Tōhoku Main Line (Utsunomiya Line), Takasaki Line|
|Urawa||浦和||1.8||6.1||24.2||●||Tōhoku Main Line (Utsunomiya Line), Takasaki Line|
|Minami-Urawa||南浦和||1.7||7.8||22.5||●||Musashino Line||Minami-ku, Saitama|
|Akabane||赤羽||2.6||17.1||13.2||●||Tōhoku Main Line (Utsunomiya Line), Takasaki Line, Shōnan-Shinjuku Line, Saikyō Line||Kita||Tokyo|
|Ōji||王子||1.5||20.4||9.9||●||Tokyo Metro Namboku Line (N-16)
Toden Arakawa Line (Ōji-Ekimae)
|Tabata||田端||1.7||23.2||7.1||■||JR East: Yamanote Line|
Tokyo Metro Chiyoda Line (C-16)
Nippori-Toneri Liner (02)
|Nippori||日暮里||0.5||24.5||5.8||｜||Yamanote Line, Jōban Line
Keisei Main Line
Nippori-Toneri Liner (01)
|Ueno||上野||1.1||26.7||3.6||■||Tōhoku Shinkansen, Yamagata Shinkansen, Akita Shinkansen, Jōetsu Shinkansen, Nagano Shinkansen, Yamanote Line, Tōhoku Main Line (Utsunomiya Line), Takasaki Line, Jōban Line
Tokyo Metro Ginza Line (G-16), Tokyo Metro Hibiya Line (H-17)
Keisei Main Line (Keisei Ueno)
Tokyo Metro Ginza Line (Ueno-Hirokōji, G-15), Hibiya Line (Naka-Okachimachi, H-16)
Toei Ōedo Line (Ueno-Okachimachi, E-09）
|Akihabara||秋葉原||1.0||28.3||2.0||■||Yamanote Line, Chūō-Sōbu Line
Tokyo Metro Hibiya Line (H-15)
Tsukuba Express (01)
|Kanda||神田||0.7||29.0||1.3||｜||Yamanote Line, Chūō Line (Rapid)
|Tokyo Metro Ginza Line (G-13)
|Tōkyō||東京||1.3||30.3||0.0||■||Tōhoku Shinkansen, Jōetsu Shinkansen, Nagano Shinkansen, Yamanote Line, Chūō Line, Tōkaidō Main Line, Sōbu Line (Rapid), Yokosuka Line, Keiyō Line
Tokyo Metro Marunouchi Line (M-17)
|Tōkaidō Main Line|
Tokyo Metro Yūrakuchō Line (Y-18), Tokyo Metro Hibiya Line (Hibiya, H-07), Tokyo Metro Chiyoda Line (Hibiya, C-09)
Toei Mita Line (Hibiya, I-08)
|Shimbashi||新橋||1.1||32.2||1.9||｜||Yamanote Line, Tōkaidō Line, Yokosuka Line
Tokyo Metro Ginza Line (G-08)
Toei Asakusa Line (A-10)
Toei Asakusa Line (Daimon, A-09), Toei Ōedo Line (Daimon, E-20)
Toei Asakusa Line (Mita, A-08), Toei Mita Line (Mita, I-04)
|Shinagawa||品川||2.2||37.1||6.8||●||Yamanote Line, Yokosuka Line, Tōkaidō Line
Keikyū Main Line
|Ōimachi||大井町||2.4||39.5||9.2||●||Tōkyū Ōimachi Line
|Kamata||蒲田||3.0||44.7||14.4||●||Tōkyū Ikegami Line, Tōkyū Tamagawa Line|
|Kawasaki||川崎||3.8||48.5||18.2||●||Tōkaidō Line, Nambu Line
Keikyū Main Line, Keikyū Daishi Line (Keikyū Kawasaki)
Keikyū Main Line (Keikyū Tsurumi)
|Shin-Koyasu||新子安||3.1||55.1||24.8||●||Keikyū Main Line (Keikyū Shin-Koyasu)||Kanagawa-ku, Yokohama|
|Higashi-Kanagawa||東神奈川||2.2||57.3||27.0||●||Yokohama Line (through service via the Negishi Line to Sakuragichō)
Keikyū Main Line (Naka-Kido)
|Yokohama||横浜||1.8||59.1||28.8||●||Negishi Line (through service), Yokohama Line, Yokosuka Line, Tōkaidō Line
Tōkyū Tōyoko Line
Keikyū Main Line
Sagami Railway Main Line
Yokohama Municipal Subway: Blue Line (B20)
|Through service via the Negishi Line to Sakuragichō, Isogo, and Ōfuna|
As of January 2010, all Keihin-Tohoku Line services are formed of E233-1000 series 10-car electrical multiple unit (EMU) trains. These were phased in from December 2007, and replaced the previous 209 series 10-car EMUs by 24 January 2010. All Keihin-Tohoku Line rolling stock is based at Urawa Depot. Yokohama Line 205 series and E233-6000 series 8-car EMUs also operate on through services over the Keihin-Tohoku Line between Higashi-Kanagawa and Ofuna stations.
Keihin-Tohoku Line & Negishi Line services
Yokohama Line through services
- E233-6000 series 8-car EMUs (light/dark green stripe) (from February 2014)
Rolling stock used in the past
- 72 series 8-car EMUs (brown livery) (until October 1970)
- 101 series 10-car EMUs (sky blue livery) (from December 1970 until March 1978)
- 103 series 10-car EMUs (sky blue livery) (from October 1965 until March 1998)
- 205 series 10-car EMU (sky blue stripe) (from October 1989 until February 1996)
- 205 series 8-car EMUs (light/dark green stripe, on Yokohama Line through services until August 2014)
- 209-900 series 10-car EMUs (sky blue stripe) (from May 1992 until August 2007)
- 209-0 series 10-car EMUs (sky blue stripe) (from March 1993 until January 2010)
- 209-500 series 10-car EMUs (sky blue stripe) (from January 2001 until 2009)
|This section does not cite any references or sources. (May 2014)|
The Keihin Line (京浜線?) opened in 1914 as an electrified passenger line connecting Tokyo Station with Takashimacho Station in Yokohama. (The latter station was renamed Yokohama Station in 1915, when the former Yokohama Station was renamed Sakuragicho Station). The Keihin Line service was extended north through the Tōhoku Main Line to Akabane Station in 1928 and to Ōmiya Station in 1932: this service was initially called the Tōhoku-Keihin Line in announcements.
The Keihin Line initially had third-class and second-class cars, analogous to today's ordinary cars and Green Cars respectively. Second-class service ended in 1938 in order to accommodate special military cars during World War II. The military seating was converted to seating for women and children after the war, and back to ordinary seating in 1973 amid overcrowding concerns: second-class service was briefly restored in the 1950s but abandoned shortly thereafter.
In 1956, the Keihin-Tohoku Line was physically separated from the Yamanote Line between Tamachi and Tabata, allowing more frequent service. Through service with the Negishi Line began in 1964. The frequency increased again in 1968 when the Tohoku Main Line moved to separate tracks. Limited-stop "Rapid" services were introduced in 1988 to further ease congestion along the Yamanote Line corridor.
Former connecting lines
- Omori Station: A 1 km line to Omori-Kaigan on the Keikyu Main Line, 1,435 mm gauge and electrified at 600 V DC opened in 1901. In 1904, it was converted to 1,372 mm gauge, converted back to 1,435 mm gauge in 1933, closing in 1937.
In January 2012, it was announced that a new station would be built on the Yamanote Line and Keihin-Tohoku Line between Shinagawa and Tamachi stations. The distance between Shinagawa and Tamachi stations is 2.2 km. The new station will be constructed on top of the current 20-hectare railyard which is undergoing rationalization and redevelopment by JR East. The Yamanote Line and the Keihin Tohoku Line tracks will be moved slightly to the east to be aligned closer to the Tokaido Shinkansen tracks. The area on the west side of the yard made available will be redeveloped with high-rise office buildings, creating an international business center with good connections to the Shinkansen and Haneda Airport. The new station is scheduled to open in time for the 2020 Summer Olympics to be held in Tokyo.
At around 01:11 in the morning of 23 February 2014, an empty stock train operating from Sakuragicho to Kamata hit a track maintenance vehicle on the track close to Kawasaki Station. The first two cars of the 10-car E233 series train derailed, with the first car ending up on its side. The train was carrying no passengers, and the driver and conductor escaped with minor injuries.
This article incorporates material from the corresponding article in the Japanese Wikipedia
- 鉄道友の会 東京支部 JR電車部会 (December 2007). "京浜東北線を駆け抜けた車両たち 後編". Japan Railfan Magazine 48 (562): 77–84.
- 横浜線用の205系が営業運転を終了 [End of 205 series revenue operations on Yokohama Line]. Japan Railfan Magazine Online (in Japanese). Japan: Koyusha Co., Ltd. 24 August 2014. Retrieved 30 September 2014.
- 鉄道友の会 東京支部 JR電車部会 (November 2007). "京浜東北線を駆け抜けた車両たち 前編". Japan Railfan Magazine 48 (561): 86–93.
- Hobidas: "京浜東北線・根岸線209系引退で記念イベント" (14 December 2009). Retrieved 14 December 2009. (Japanese)
- "New Yamanote Line station eyed". The Japan Times. 5 January 2012. Retrieved 2014-02-04.
- 田町～品川駅間に新駅を設置し、まちづくりを進めます [New station to be constructed between Tamachi and Shinagawa] (PDF). News release (in Japanese). East Japan Railway Company. 3 June 2014. Retrieved 4 June 2014.
- 京浜東北線事故:１両目が横転 蒲田−鶴見間始発から不通 [Keihin-Tohoku Line accident: 1st car overturned, line closed between Kamata and Tsurumi]. Mainichi Shimbun (in Japanese). Japan: The Mainichi Newspapers. 23 February 2014. Retrieved 24 February 2014.
- "JR East train derails near Kawasaki". The Japan Times. Japan: The Japan Times Ltd. 23 February 2014. Retrieved 24 February 2014.
- "JR京浜東北線横転事故 運輸安全委の調査官らが原因を調査" [Keihin-Tohoku Line accident: Transport Safety Board investigators start investigation]. FNN (in Japanese). Japan: Fuji News Network. 23 February 2014. Retrieved 24 February 2014.
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