Frank_Morley
Frank Morley  

Born  Woodbridge, Suffolk, England 
September 9, 1860
Died  October 17, 1937 Baltimore, Maryland 
(aged 77)
Nationality  English 
Fields  Mathematics 
Institutions  Haverford College Johns Hopkins University 
Alma mater  King's College, Cambridge 
Doctoral students  Harry Bateman Leonard Blumenthal Arthur Coble Francis Murnaghan Boyd Patterson 
Known for  Morley's trisector theorem 
Frank Morley (September 9, 1860 – October 17, 1937) was a leading mathematician, known mostly for his teaching and research in the fields of algebra and geometry. Among his mathematical accomplishments was the discovery and proof of the celebrated Morley's trisector theorem in elementary plane geometry. He led 50 Ph.D.'s to their degrees, and was said to be:
 "...one of the more striking figures of the relatively small group of men who initiated that development which, within his own lifetime, brought Mathematics in America from a minor position to its present place in the sun."^{[1]}
Contents
Life[edit]
Morley was born in the town of Woodbridge in Suffolk, England. His parents were Elizabeth Muskett and Joseph Roberts Morley, Quakers who ran a china shop. After being educated at Woodbridge School, Morley went on to King's College, Cambridge (B.A., 1884).^{[2]}
In 1887 Morley moved to Pennsylvania. He taught at Haverford College until 1900, when he became chairman of the mathematics department at Johns Hopkins University. His publications include Elementary Treatise on the Theory of Functions (1893), with James Harkness; and Introduction to the Theory of Analytic Functions (1898). He was President of the American Mathematical Society from 1919 to 1920 and was the editor of the American Journal of Mathematics from 1900 to 1921.
In 1933 he and his son Frank Vigor published the "stimulating volume", Inversive Geometry.^{[3]}^{[4]} The book develops complex numbers as a tool for geometry and function theory. Some nonstandard terminology is used such as "basecircle" for unit circle and "turn" for a point on it.
He was a strong chess player and once beat world champion Emanuel Lasker in a game of chess.
He died in Baltimore, Maryland at age 77.
His sons are novelist Christopher Morley, Pulitzer Prize winner Felix Morley, and another mathematician, Frank Vigor Morley.
Works[edit]
 1893: (with James Harkness) A treatise on the theory of functions (New York: Macmillan)^{[5]}
 1898: (with James Harkness) Introduction to the Theory of Analytic Functions (G.E.Stechert And Company)^{[6]}
 1919: On the Lüroth Quartic Curve
 1933: (with son Frank Victor) Inversive Geometry, Ginn & Co., now available from HathiTrust
See also[edit]
References[edit]
 ^ Arthur B. Coble, Frank Morley—In memoriam, Bulletin of the American Mathematical Society, 44, (1938), pp. 167–170.
 ^ "Morley, Frank (MRLY879F)". A Cambridge Alumni Database. University of Cambridge.
 ^ Snyder, Virgil (1934). "Review: Frank Morely and F. V. Morley, Inversive Geometry". Bull. Amer. Math. Soc. 40 (5): 374–375. doi:10.1090/s000299041934058488.
 ^ Henry Forder (1934) Review:Inversive Geometry, The Mathematical Gazette 18:127–9
 ^ Maschke, H. (1894). "Review: A Treatise on the Theory of Functions by J. Harkness and F. Morley" (PDF). Bull. Amer. Math. Soc. 3 (7): 155–167.
 ^ Bolza, Oskar (1899). "Review: Introduction to the Theory of Analytic Functions by J. Harkness and F. Morley" (PDF). Bull. Amer. Math. Soc. 6 (2): 63–74.
 R.C. Archibald, A Semicentennial History of the American Mathematical Society (1888–1938), Chapter 15: The Presidents: #15 Morley 1919–20. pp. 194–201, includes bibliography of Morley's papers.
External links[edit]
 O'Connor, John J.; Robertson, Edmund F., "Frank Morley", MacTutor History of Mathematics archive, University of St Andrews.
 Frank Morley at the Mathematics Genealogy Project
 Clark Kimberling: Frank Morley (1860–1937) geometer.
