Elgin,_Illinois

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For other uses, see Elgin (disambiguation).
Elgin, Illinois
City
Elgin, Illiniois logo.svg
Official seal of Elgin, Illinois
Seal
Nickname(s): Watch City
Motto: City in the Suburbs
Elgin is located in Illinois
Elgin
Elgin
Coordinates: 42°02′18″N 88°19′22″W / 42.03833°N 88.32278°W / 42.03833; -88.32278Coordinates: 42°02′18″N 88°19′22″W / 42.03833°N 88.32278°W / 42.03833; -88.32278[1]
Country United States
State Illinois
Counties Kane, Cook
Townships Elgin, Dundee, Rutland, Plato, Hanover Township, Cook County, Illinois
Incorporated 1854
Founded by 1835
Government
 • Type Home Rule, Council-manager
 • Mayor Dave Kaptain
 • City Manager Sean Stegall
Area
 • Total 37.71 sq mi (97.7 km2)
 • Land 37.16 sq mi (96.2 km2)
 • Water 0.54 sq mi (1.4 km2)  1.43%
Elevation[1] 817 ft (249 m)
Population (2013)[2]
 • Total 110,145 (US: 249th)
 • Density 2,911.2/sq mi (1,124.0/km2)
Standard of living (2011)
 • Median household income $56,091
 • Median home value $209,800
ZIP code(s) 60120–60125
Area code(s) 847 & 224
Geocode 17-23074
Website cityofelgin.org

Elgin /ˈɛlɨn/ is a city in Cook and Kane counties in the northern part of the U.S. state of Illinois. Located roughly 35 mi (56 km) northwest of Chicago, it lies along the Fox River. As of 2013, the city had a total population of 110,145,[3] making it the eighth-largest city in Illinois.

History[edit]

The Indian Removal Act of 1830 and the Black Hawk Indian War of 1832 led to the expulsion of the Native Americans who had settlements and burial mounds in the area, and set the stage for the founding of Elgin. Thousands of militiamen and soldiers of Gen. Winfield Scott's army marched through the Fox River valley during the war, and accounts of the area's fertile soils and flowing springs soon filtered east.

In New York, James T. Gifford and his brother Hezekiah Gifford heard tales of this area ripe for settlement, and travelled west. Looking for a site on the stagecoach route from Chicago to Galena, Illinois, they eventually settled on a spot where the Fox River could be bridged. In April 1835, they established the city, naming[4] it after the Scottish tune "Elgin".[5]

Early Elgin achieved fame for the butter and dairy goods it sold to the city of Chicago. Gail Borden established a condensed milk factory here in 1866, and the local library is named in his honor. The dairy industry became less important with the arrival of the Elgin Watch Company. The watch factory employed three generations of Elginites from the late 19th to the mid 20th century, when it was the largest producer of fine watches in the United States (the factory ceased production in 1965 and was torn down in the summer of 1966) and the operator of the largest watchmaking complex in the world.[6] Today, the clocks at Chicago's Union Station still bear the Elgin name.[7]

Elgin has a long tradition of education and invention. Elgin is home to the Elgin Academy, the oldest coeducational, non-sectarian college preparatory school west of the Allegheny Mountains. Elgin High School boasts five navy admirals, a Nobel Prize winner, a Pulitzer Prize winner, a Tony Award winner, two Academy Award–winning producers, Olympic athletes and a General Motors CEO among its alumni. Elgin resident John Murphy invented the motorized streetsweeper in 1914 and later formed the Elgin Sweeper Corporation. Pioneering African-American chemist Lloyd Hall was an Elgin native, as was the legendary marketer and car stereo pioneer Earl "Madman" Muntz and Max Adler, founder of the Adler Planetarium in Chicago, America's first planetarium.[7]

Local historian E. C. Alft has written several books[8] and an ongoing newspaper column about Elgin's history.[9]

Geography[edit]

Topography[edit]

Elgin is located at 42°2′18″N 88°19′22″W / 42.03833°N 88.32278°W / 42.03833; -88.32278 (42.0384225, -88.3226510).[1]

According to the 2010 census, the city has a total area of 37.71 square miles (97.7 km2), of which 37.16 square miles (96.2 km2) (or 98.54%) is land and 0.54 square miles (1.4 km2) (or 1.43%) is water.[10]

Climate[edit]

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Avg high °F 29.6
34.0
45.5
58.7
69.7
79.8
83.6
81.9
75.1
62.0
47.5
33.2
58.4
Avg low temperature °F 13.7
17.0
26.8
37.4
47.7
57.8
63.0
61.2
52.3
40.1
30.4
17.8
38.8
Rainfall in. 1.65
1.50
1.97
3.67
4.35
3.88
3.81
4.97
3.42
2.92
3.09
2.02
37.24
Snowfall in. 9.9
7.6
2.9
0.4
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.7
8.3
29.7
Source: NOAA[11]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1930 36,968
1940 37,769 2.2%
1950 45,440 20.3%
1960 45,579 0.3%
1970 50,344 10.5%
1980 63,798 26.7%
1990 77,010 20.7%
2000 94,487 22.7%
2010 108,188 14.5%
Est. 2013 110,145 1.8%
[12][13][14]
Demographics (2010)[15]
White Black Asian
65.9% 7.4% 5.4%
Islander Native Other Hispanic
(any race)
0.0% 1.4% 16.3% 43.6%

As of the census[16] of 2010, there were 108,190 people, and 35,837 households. The population density was 2,911.2 people per square mile. There were 37,848 housing units at an average density of 1,306.5 per square mile (504.5/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 65.9% White, 7.4% African American, 1.40% Native American, 5.4% Asian, 16.3% from other races, and 3.6% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 43.6% of the population. A significant portion of Elgin's Asian population is of Laotian origin.

There were 35,094 households out of which 38% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.6% were married couples living together, 13.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.0% were non-families. 19.4% of all households were made up of individuals 65 years and older, and 7.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.03 and the average family size was 3.56.

In the city the population was spread out with 23.4% under the age of 18, 10.7% from 18 to 24, 33.6% from 25 to 44, 18.2% from 45 to 64, and 8.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32.5 years. 50.2% of the population was female.

The median income for a household in the city was $56,337, and the median income for a family was $68,740. Males had a median income of $39,581 versus $28,488 for females. The per capita income for the city was $21,478. About 6.4% of families and 8.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 11.6% of those under age 18 and 4.7% of those age 65 or over.

Elgin today[edit]

In 2013, Elgin ranked number one in Chicagoland in new home starts, while ranking second in new home closings.[17] Elgin's downtown has also been the center of city renovations and new developments. New townhouses, condo towers, loft spaces, and art galleries have opened in the last decade. In October 2003 the Gail Borden Public Library moved into a new $30 million, 139,980 square foot, 460,000 volume-capacity building. In August 2009 the city opened the first ever satellite branch. The 10,000 square foot Rakow Branch, situated on Elgin's West Side, is LEED registered, and was designed to be expandable up to 30,000 square feet.[18] Elgin has opened the 185,000 sq. ft. Centre of Elgin recreation facility across the street from the library. In 2014, Elgin completed the Central Business District Streetscape Improvement Project and the Riverside Drive Promenade.

In the 1990s, Elgin became one of the few cities in northern Illinois to host a riverboat casino. The Grand Victoria Casino initially generated controversy, but went on to be a significant source of income for the city. Drawing nearly four million people annually, as of March 2005 it was the fifth most popular tourist attraction in Illinois. The Grand Victoria Foundation, to which the casino has contributed an amount in excess of $116 million, provides community grants to nonprofits in the city. In the years since, more casinos have opened in the area and the Grand Victoria Casino has seen attendance and revenue decline.

A significant Laotian American community calls Elgin home.[19] Elgin has been the sister city of Vientiane, the capital of Laos, since 1967. Some Laotian Americans have opened stores and restaurants, contributing to the city's cultural diversity.

Elgin's civic society is characterized by a large, diverse, and effective group of grassroots organizations, a sense of community pride and a spirit of volunteerism and participation. In recognition of this, for the second time, Elgin won the National Civic League's prestigious All-America City Award in 2002.

Government[edit]

Elgin was chartered as a city by the State of Illinois in 1854, and 100 years later became the first city in Illinois to adopt a council-manager form of government. Residents elect six at-large council members and a mayor, who serve on a part-time basis. The city council meets every other Wednesday at 6:00 pm at City Hall. The city manager, a full-time professional, serves at the pleasure of the mayor and city council.

Residents elect six at-large council members and a mayor, who serve on a part-time basis. The city manager, a full-time professional, serves at the direction of the mayor and city council. As a result of the 2010 census placing Elgin at 108,000 residents, two additional council seats will be elected in 2013, bringing the council to eight at-large members.

The current council members are Richard Dunne, Terry L. Gavin, Rosamaria Martinez, Tish S. Powell, John Prigge, Carol J. Rauschenberger, Toby Shaw, and F. John Steffen. Elgin's current mayor and city manager are Dave Kaptain and Sean Stegall, respectively.

The city council meets every second and fourth Wednesday at 6:00 pm in the council chambers, located on the second floor of city hall. Agenda and minutes are available online via www.cityofelgin.org. Residents may attend in person at city hall, watch the live video stream from the online newsroom, or view the replays on cable Channel 17.

The city is represented in the Illinois legislature by Representatives Anna Moeller (D), Timothy L. Schmitz (R), and Fred Crespo (D) and Senators Michael Noland (D) and Karen McConnaughay (R). In the US House of Representatives, Elgin is represented by Randy Hultgren (R), Peter Roskam (R), and Tammy Duckworth (D).

Elgin includes portions of Hanover Township in Cook County and Elgin Township, Plato Township, Rutland Township, Dundee Township, and Campton Township in Kane County. Elgin Township is governed by a supervisor (Annette Miller), highway commissioner (Rick Burnidge), clerk (Laura Wallett) and four trustees (Randy Endean, J. Patrick Hudgens, Robert Johnson, Vicki Pelock) elected to four-year terms.

Elgin Fire Department has 133 sworn firefighters, and 7 fire stations with plans to expand as the city grows. The front line fire apparatus consists of 6 ALS fire engines, 3 ladder trucks, 5 ALS ambulances, 2 boats, and a rescue raft, along with several vehicles used for inspections and other official business. Two of the ladder truck companies are part-time that double as part-time ambulances.

Arts, recreation and conservation[edit]

Elgin is home to the Elgin Symphony Orchestra, one of the largest orchestras in Illinois, and a primary option for live symphonic music in Chicago's Northwest suburbs. Other classical music groups include the Elgin Youth Symphony Orchestra - the only youth symphony ever invited to Ravinia, the Elgin Choral Union, and the Elgin Children's Chorus. Outdoor music can be heard at the Wing Park Bandshell. Theatre groups include the Janus Theatre Company, Elgin Theatre Company, Children's Theatre of Elgin, Fox Valley Youth Theatre, and Nothing Special Productions. Together, The Hemmens Cultural Center and Elgin Community College's Visual & Performing Arts Center host dozens of performances a year by performers ranging from Chicago's Hubbard Street Dance Company to comedian Bill Maher.

After losing many landmark businesses in the 1980s, downtown Elgin experienced a renaissance in the 1990s with the arrival of the Grand Victoria riverboat casino and improvement in the local economy. Many historic buildings have been transformed into stylish clubs and restaurants.

Elgin's city parks include 112-acre (45 ha) Lords Park, which features the Elgin Public Museum and a herd of American bison, and 121-acre (49 ha) Wing Park, which includes a golf course. Other golf courses within Elgin include the Highlands of Elgin, the Elgin Country Club, and Bowes Creek Country Club. The Centre of Elgin, which among other features includes an aquatic park and a climbing wall, remains one of the largest municipal recreation centers in the United States. The Elgin Sports Complex on the city's southwest side offers ten lighted ballfields, ten soccer fields and The Hill BMX track. The complex hosts several local, regional and national tournaments every year. Elgin connects to Algonquin and Dundee to the north, and St. Charles, Geneva, and Batavia to the south by the Fox River Trail bike path.

Although one of the largest and fastest-growing cities in Illinois, Elgin still retains some of the natural beauty and habitat diversity that first brought settlers to this area. On the east, the city borders the 4,200-acre (1,700 ha) Poplar Creek Preserve, maintained by the Cook County Forest Preserves, which includes bike trails, hiking trails and equestrian trails. The Shoe Factory Road Prairie located in the preserve provides an example of the hill prairies that once dotted the region. Poplar Creek Preserves connects to the 4,000-acre (1,600 ha) Spring Creek Valley Forest Preserve via a conservation easement covering parts of the Sears campus.

Elgin boasts two highly protected nature preserves, the Bluff Spring Fen and Trout Park. For its size, Bluff Spring Fen has a remarkable number of distinct plant communities, including a hill prairie and a fen, or alkaline spring marshland, which is home to several rare orchids. Trout Park also includes a similar calcareous seep community, with the addition of a unique forest community of oaks, ashes, maples, and uncommon species such as arborvitae and witch-hazel. When the park was created in the 1920s, the local newspaper ran a lengthy front-page story with lists of the plant species of Trout Park, reflecting both the great variety of plants present and the interest Elginites had in conservation. In the 1960s, the Northwest Tollway bisected the site and reduced it in size.

Architecture and historic preservation[edit]

Historic print of Main Building of Elgin State Hospital, which was demolished in 1993

The city is known for its historic architecture and landmarks from the Victorian era, including some fine examples of homes in the Queen Anne style. Many of the most remarkable homes once belonged to National Watch Company executives. Many interesting Sears Catalog Homes arrived in Elgin as kits from 1908 to 1940.

Predating Victorian homes were homes made of native cobblestone. It is believed that Elgin had at one time the largest concentration of cobblestone homes outside of Rochester, New York. Several such homes built by the earliest settlers still stand. They can be seen in Elgin's historic districts, two of which are recognized by the National Register of Historic Places.

The Elgin Public Museum at Lords Park is the oldest building in Illinois built expressly as a museum that is still serving that purpose.

The nine-member Elgin Heritage Commission promotes historic preservation activity. The Gifford Park Association is also active in historic preservation, and conducts a popular annual house tour.

Transportation[edit]

Elgin has three stations on Metra's Milwaukee District/West Line, which provides daily rail service between Elgin and Chicago, Illinois (at Union Station): National Street, Elgin, and Big Timber Road. Big Timber Road is the western terminus of this service. The STAR Line would have a fourth station at the border with Bartlett.

Amtrak will provide service to Elgin beginning in 2015, with the opening of a new route offering daily service between Chicago, Illinois and Rockford, Illinois. The route will be expanded west to Dubuque, Iowa in 2016.[20]

Elgin used to have a streetcar system, operated by the Aurora, Elgin and Fox River Electric Company. Additionally, Elgin was served by several interurban lines. The most prominent of these was the Chicago Aurora and Elgin Railroad which provided frequent service into Chicago.

Local bus service is provided by PACE (the Suburban bus provider of the Northeastern Illinois Regional Transportation Authority). PACE operates about a dozen bus routes in the city with service running Monday through Saturday. Most of the routes terminate at the Elgin Bus Terminal located at 100 West Chicago Street in downtown. Routes generally run every half an hour and meet up at the terminal at the same time to provide convenient transferring. Several routes also travel out of Elgin to other nearby suburbs, such as Carpentersville, Dundee (Spring Hill Mall), Schaumburg (Woodfield Mall), and St. Charles (Charlestowne Mall and connecting bus service to Aurora and Geneva).

Beginning in 2016, Pace will begin service on a new express route between Elgin and the Rosemont (CTA station). The service will operate along I-90 utilizing expanded shoulders. Access to the bus route will be via park and ride lots at IL-25 and at Randall Road.[21]

Education[edit]

Four public school districts and 18 private schools serve Elgin.

U-46, the second largest school district in Illinois, serves an area of some 90 square miles (230 km2) in Cook, DuPage and Kane Counties. Almost 40,000 children of school age are in its area. Elgin's two public high schools, Elgin High School and Larkin High School, are home to the Gifted and Talented Academy and the Visual and Performing Arts Academy, respectively.

Private schools include:

  • Harvest Christian Academy
  • Highland Christian Academy
  • Da Vinci Academy
  • The Einstein Academy
  • Elgin Academy
  • Fox Valley Lutheran Academy
  • Good Shepherd Lutheran School
  • Northwest Baptist Academy
  • St. Edward Central Catholic High School
  • St. John's Lutheran School
  • St. Joseph Catholic Elementary School
  • St. Laurence Catholic Elementary School
  • St. Mary Elementary School
  • St. Thomas More Catholic Elementary School
  • Westminster Christian School

Accredited Colleges and universities[edit]

  • Elgin Community College[22] serves the district #509 communities of St. Charles, Burlington, South Elgin, Wayne, Bartlett, Algonquin, Dundee, Hampshire and smaller towns, and is one of the fastest-growing community colleges in the state.
  • Judson University, an accredited,[23] four-year liberal arts American Baptist college, sits on the banks of the Fox River on the city's northwest side. Judson features graduate programs in architecture and education.
  • National Louis University is an accredited [24] private non-profit undergraduate and graduate institution of higher learning, in colleges of education, arts and sciences, and business and management.

Unaccredited College[edit]

  • Providence Baptist College, an unaccredited four-year Independent Baptist vocational college. Providence Baptist College is not accredited by any recognized higher education accreditation body. Therefore, its degrees may not be acceptable to employers or other institutions, and use of degree titles may be restricted or illegal in some jurisdiction.

Notable people[edit]

Commemorative coin[edit]

In 1936, a commemorative silver half dollar was issued by the United States Mint commemorating the centennial of Elgin. The coin was meant to raise money for the pioneer family memorial proposed by Elgin sculptor Trygve Rovelstad, and sold for $1.50. The obverse features the profile of a pioneer with the dates 1673 * 1936, while the reverse features a pioneer family; both images are based on a centennial "Pioneer Medal" made by Rovelstad.[25] The date 1673 is in reference to the expedition of Louis Jolliet and Jacques Marquette, despite the fact that their journey took them nowhere near the future site of Elgin.

The coin did not prove to be a popular success, probably because of the Great Depression and the great variety of commemorative coins being issued at the time. Five thousand of the 25,000 coins initially minted were unsold and melted down by the mint. Rovelstad's pioneer statue was not installed until 2001.

Elgin in mass media[edit]

In film[edit]

  • Scenes from the film Four Friends (1981) were shot in the west side neighborhood just above the Woodruff and Edwards foundry.
  • Part of the comedy film Dennis the Menace (1993) is set in Elgin.
  • The Elgin Mental Health Center appears in the movie Primal Fear (1996).
  • A scene in the suspense/thriller film Contagion (2011) was filmed in Elgin's Sherman Hospital.
  • Parts of the horror film Plastic were shot in Elgin.
  • A scene in the 2010 film A Nightmare on Elm Street was shot in Elgin's Bluff City Cemetery.

In television[edit]

  • The exterior of the home in the television series Grace Under Fire is on Elgin's east side at 445 DuPage Street.[26]
  • In "Unearthed", an episode of the television series Prison Break, Dr. Sara Tancredi stayed at a motel in Elgin.[27]
  • The television series Roseanne was set in the fictional town of Lansford but was modeled after Elgin [28] At one point, Jackie attends a trucking school in Elgin. In another episode Roseanne offers to take Jackie to the hospital in Elgin.[29]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: City of Elgin
  2. ^ "Elgin (city), Illinois". State & County QuickFacts. U.S. Census Bureau. 8 July 2014. Retrieved 16 September 2014. 
  3. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places of 50,000 or More, Ranked by July 1, 2013 Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2013". U.S. Census Bureau, Population Division. May 2014. Retrieved 16 September 2014. 
  4. ^ Alft, E.C. (1984). Elgin: An American History. Crossroads Communications, Ashton, IL. ISBN 0-916445-09-7. 
  5. ^ The Congregational Hymn and Tune Book. General Association of Connecticut. 1856. p. 120. 
  6. ^ Aft, E.C. Elgin: An American History, ElginHistory.com, 2000 http://www.elginhistory.com/eaah/ Accessed September 16, 2013
  7. ^ a b Alft, E.C. 1992. Elgin: Days Gone By. Crossroads Communications, Carpentersville, IL. Published online at elginhistory.com
  8. ^ ElginHistory.com
  9. ^ Elgin's history - SuburbanChicagoNews.com
  10. ^ "Places: Illinois". 2010 Census Gazetteer Files. United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 3, 2012. 
  11. ^ "NowData - NOAA Online Weather Data". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved December 27, 2012. 
  12. ^ Lahmeyer, Jan (2003). "Historical demographical data of the urban centers: Illinois". Populstat.info. Retrieved 24 February 2010. 
  13. ^ "Population of Kane County (1850-1900)". Kane County, Illinois Genealogy Trails. 2010. Retrieved 24 February 2010. 
  14. ^ "2013 Population Estimates". Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2013. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 16 September 2014. 
  15. ^ "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (DP-1): Elgin city, Illinois". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved February 11, 2013. 
  16. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  17. ^ [1], Elgin Housing Market Shows Strength in 2013 Numbers] accessed online August 22, 2014.
  18. ^ "Rakow." Rakow Branch accessed online August 22, 2014.
  19. ^ "Laotians." Tracy Steffs, Chicago Encyclopedia of History accessed online May 1, 2011.
  20. ^ Daily Herald "Will new Amtrak service to Rockford be a boon?". Retrieved 2014-08-22. 
  21. ^ Daily Herald "Pace, Tollway deal would ramp up service along I-90". Retrieved 2014-08-22. 
  22. ^ http://www.ncahlc.org/component/com_directory/Action,ShowBasic/Itemid,/instid,1086/
  23. ^ http://www.ncahlc.org/component/com_directory/Itemid,/form_submitted,TRUE/institution,judson/state,ANY/submit,Go!/
  24. ^ http://www.ncahlc.org/component/com_directory/Action,ShowBasic/Itemid,/instid,1129/
  25. ^ "Elgin Commemorative Half Dollar", coinfacts.com
  26. ^ https://www.google.com/maps/@42.036344,-88.273659,3a,24.6y,226.86h,90.92t/data=!3m4!1e1!3m2!1sbVUle_-COKKDMzhBrdkxKQ!2e0
  27. ^ =IMDB "Prison Break Unearthed Plot Summary". Retrieved 2014-08-22. 
  28. ^ =Chicago Tribune "Scene Stealers". Retrieved 2014-08-22. 
  29. ^ =TV "Crime and Punishment". Retrieved 2014-08-22. 

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