Ed_Paschke

By Wikipedia
Ed Paschke
EdPaschkeStudio.jpg
Ed Paschke in his studio
Born (1939-06-22)June 22, 1939
Chicago, Illinois, USA
Died November 25, 2004(2004-11-25) (aged 65)
Chicago, Illinois, USA
Nationality American
Education Art Institute of Chicago
Known for Painting

Edward Francis Paschke (June 22, 1939 – November 25, 2004) was a Polish American painter. His childhood interest in animation and cartoons, as well as his father's creativity in wood carving and construction, led him toward a career in art. As a student at the School of the Art Institute of Chicago he was influenced by many artists featured in the Museum's special exhibitions, in particular the work of Gauguin, Picasso and Seurat.

Life[edit]

Paschke was born in Chicago in 1939, where he spent most of his life. He received his bachelor of fine arts degree from the School of the Art Institute of Chicago in 1961, and later his Masters Degree in Art in 1970 from the same school. Drafted into the Army on November 4, 1962, he was sent to Fort Polk, Louisiana, where he worked in the Training Aids Department, working on projects including illustrations for publications, signs, targets and manuals to explain weapons and procedures to incoming troops.

Paschke studied at the School of the Art Institute of Chicago during the height of the Imagist movement in the late 1950s, while supporting himself as a commercial artist. In 1976, he started to teach at Northwestern University.[1] On November 22, 1968, Paschke married Nancy Cohn and had a son Marc and a daughter Sharon.[2]

Paschke lived and worked in Chicago, where he died in his house on Thanksgiving day, 2004, apparently of heart failure. His wife Nancy Paschke was an artist as well and died two months after him, on January 17, 2005, in Chicago.[2]

Work[edit]

Although Paschke was inclined toward representational imagery, he learned to paint based on the principles of abstraction and expressionism.

He avidly collected photographs-related visual media in all its forms, from newspapers, magazines, and posters to film, television, and video, with a preference for imagery that tended toward the risqué and the marginal. Through this he studied the ways in which these media transformed and stylized the experience of reality, which in turn impacted on his consideration of formal and philosophical questions concerning veracity and invention in his own painting. At the same time, he sought living and working situations — from factory hand to psychiatric aide — that would connect him with Chicago’s diverse ethnic communities as well as feed his fascination for gritty urban life and human abnormality. Thus he developed a distinctive oeuvre that oscillated between personal and aesthetic introspection and confronting social and cultural values.[3]

In his early paintings Paschke both incorporated and challenged depictions of legendary figures by transforming them into corps exquis, such as Pink Lady (1970) where he set Marilyn Monroe’s famous head atop the suited body of an anonymous male accordion player; or Painted Lady (1971) where he redesigned screen legend Claudette Colbert as a tattooed lady fresh from a freak show. Another direction through which he explored the features and quirks of meaning and logic was in paintings of leather accessories interpreted as anthropomorphized fetish objects, such as Hairy Shoes (1971) and Bag Boots (1972).

In the decades separating Pink Lady and Matinee (1987), Paschke shifted his interest from print to electronic media and a dazzling spectrum of televisual waves and flashes began to fill the paintings. Forms and images disintegrated, broken apart in the fabric of electronic disturbance and its surface. In Matinee, the face of Elvis Presley is fragmented into a field of glowing swathes of color with lips and eyes alone suggesting the human presence beneath the electronic overlay.[4]

Paschke made use of an overhead projector to layer images, which he then rendered using the traditional and time-consuming medium of oil painting. He began with an underpainting in black and white, then addressed it with refined systems of colored glazing or impasto to enliven the optical and physical textures of his painting. With this original and painstaking process he created a formal parallel with the black-and-white-to-color progression in the historical development of printing, film, and television images, at the same time moving the subject matter from the particular to the non-specific to allow a wider range of interpretation. In his later work, once again forms became more solidified, moving back towards certain kinds of psychologized presences and the edgy tension that characterized his earlier work.[4]

Unlike most of his Pop predecessors with their unthreatening embrace of popular culture, Paschke gravitated towards the images that exemplified the underside of American values — fame, violence, sex, and money — a preference that he shared with Andy Warhol, who was one of his foremost inspirations. Although long considered to be an artist of his own time and place, his explorations of the archetypes and clichés of media identity prefigured the appropriative gestures of the “Pictures Generation” and for a new generation of global artists his totemic, eye-popping paintings have come to embody the essence of cosmopolitan art.[4]

His work is included many museum collections including: the Art Institute of Chicago, Walker Art Center, Minneapolis, Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden, Washington D.C., Whitney Museum of American Art, New York, and Centre Pompidou, Paris.

Major exhibitions include:[5]

At the time of his death a New York critic lamented that Paschke's "contribution to the art of his time was somewhat obscured by his distance from New York."[1] Since his death there have been several museum and gallery exhibitions of Paschke's work, most recently including a museum-quality show at Gagosian Gallery on Madison Avenue in New York City, curated by noted pop artist Jeff Koons.[6] As a student, Koons admired Paschke’s work and became his assistant in Chicago in the mid-1970s while attending the School of the Art Institute of Chicago. Paschke would prove to be an important mentor and formative inspiration for the young artist. Paschke's influence in both his subject matter and pioneering use of color continues to influence artists around the world.[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Roberta Smith (December 1, 2004). "The New York Times – Ed Paschke, Painter, 65, Dies; Pop Artist With Dark Vision". Retrieved February 9, 2011. 
  2. ^ a b Cox, Brian (January 20, 2005). "Nancy Paschke, 65 – Chicago Tribune". Retrieved 2011-02-09. 
  3. ^ "Official Website of Ed Paschke". Retrieved 2011-02-09. 
  4. ^ a b c d "Ed Paschke – March 18 – April 24, 2010 – Gagosian Gallery". Retrieved 2011-02-09. 
  5. ^ "Official Website of Ed Paschke". Retrieved 2011-02-09. 
  6. ^ Johnson, Ken (March 26, 2010). "Art in Review – Ed Paschke, Marcia Hafif, Anya Kielar, Valerie Hegarty – NYTimes.com". The New York Times. Retrieved 2011-02-09. 

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