1964_Summer_Paralympics

By Wikipedia
II Paralympic Games
Paralympic Tokyo 1964.gif
Host city Tokyo, Japan
Nations participating 21
Athletes participating 375
Events 144 in 9 sports
Opening ceremony November 3
Closing ceremony November 12
Officially opened by Yoshiaki Kasai
Athlete's Oath Shigeo Aono
Paralympic Stadium Oda Field
Summer:
1960 Rome Tel Aviv 1968  >
Winter:
Örnsköldsvik 1976  >

The 1964 Summer Paralympics, originally known as the 13th International Stoke Mandeville Games,[1] were the 2nd Paralympic Games to be held. They were held in Tokyo, Japan, they were the last Summer Paralympics to take place in the same city as the Summer Olympics until the 1988 Summer Paralympics. The term "Paralympic Games" was approved by the International Olympic Committee (IOC) first in 1984,[2] while the International Paralympic Committee (IPC) was formed in 1989.

In contrast with the 1960 Games, many events had more than three participants, meaning that athletes were no longer guaranteed a medal upon completing their event.[3]

Also originally known as Paralympic Tokyo 1964.[4]

Tokyo will host the Summer Paralympic Games again in 2020

Sports[edit]

Nine sports were competed at the 1964 games. In athletics, a wheelchair racing event in the form of a 60 m dash was added; previously the athletics program had included only field events. Wheelchair racing has since become one of the most prominent Paralympic events.[5]

Medal table[edit]

The top ten listed NOCs by number of gold medals are listed below.

Rank Nation Gold Silver Bronze Total
1 50 41 32 123
2 18 23 20 61
3 14 15 16 45
4 12 11 7 30
5 10 5 2 17
6 8 8 3 19
7 7 3 11 21
8 6 15 16 37
9 5 2 5 12
10 4 6 4 14

Participating delegations[edit]

Nineteen delegations participated in the Tokyo Paralympics.[6]

The 1964 Games marked South Africa's Paralympic Games début. The country had just been banned from taking part in the Olympic Games, due to its policy of apartheid, and was thus absent from the 1964 Summer Olympics. It was not, however, banned from the Paralympics until 1980, and Japan (as host country) did not oppose its participation.[7][8]

Ceremonies[edit]

The Opening ceremony was organized in the Oda Field, and the Closing Ceremony at Yoyogi National Gymnasium.[5] About 5000 spectators were present at both of the ceremonies.[5] Akihito and Empress Michiko were present in both of them.[5]

Media coverage[edit]

Earlier it was thought that the Games might not get much media coverage, due to the focus on the Olympic Games, but both radio and television media gave high coverage to the Games.[5]

Organizing Committee[edit]

Yoshisuke Kasai was the chairman of the Board of directors.[1] The board had 3 vice-chairmen, namely T. Azuma, H. Dazai and I. Miki.[1] The auditor of the organizing committee was M. Tozawa,[1] and the secretary general was K. Ujiie.[1]

References[edit]

External links[edit]

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